They also noted that obesity is the second leading risk factor for developing peripheral neuropathy, which affects in excess of 30 million Americans.
Callaghan said bariatric surgery is typically reserved for patients who have tried to lose weight and have been unable to, especially those that have a very high body mass index BMI, a standard measure for obesity.
Study patients were 18 years old and up, with a BMI of 35 or more.
Blood analyses were also conducted to gauge preoperation blood sugar and lipid levels.
In addition, two years after surgery a little more than 60 of the patients underwent inperson followup testing, alongside roughly 20 who engaged in virtual followups due to the onset of the COVID19 pandemic.
But he stressed that his team found that the metabolic and neuropathy improvements were both more impressive after bariatric surgery.
More than 100 million Americans are obese, the study authors pointed out.
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